In cases of difficult births for noble ladies, the mother-to-be could have been advised to put on a holy girdle which would help to alleviate the pains. In the worst of cases, there are always seven or eight months to prepare oneself, and during that interval you can simulate illness, trips, pilgrimages.
The detail at right from the Master of Trebon, The Adoration Of Jesus circa shows the babe snugly wrapped from tip to toes. However, the medieval period might be unique in that it is perhaps the only time when you can read the same author in one work condemning the use of birth control and in another giving directions on how to use it.
The act of baptism would remove the natural sin and cleanse the soul. This is not to suggest that it was considered permissible to have an abortion in the earliest stages of pregnancy. Certainly in larger, more affluent households where help was available, the practice would have been carefully noted.
Other women, sadly those of the much lower class, may have had to work right up until they went into labour as there was no one to cover their daily responsibilities. Medical texts dating back to ancient times do note certain plants can be used to prevent or terminate pregnancies — for example pomegranates, junipers and rue.
Women often clutched holy relics or recited religious prayers and chants to help them throughout the birthing process. Birth in the past was very dangerous.
Many men of the time believed that the female sexual organs were male organs turned inwards. For example, the 13th century physician and philosopher, Peter of Spain who might have gone to be Pope John XXI offers over 26 different prescriptions for contraceptives and several more to bring out menstruation, which could be read as a way to induce an abortion.
Islamic physicians added more information, and by the 12th century these treatments were being circulated in western Europe. His recommendations were later included in medical and midwifery books in late 15th century Europe.
Yet during the medieval period, childbirth was deemed a private affair. It has been traditionally held that by the 14th century the dynamic force of medieval civilization had been spent and that the late Middle Ages were characterized by decline and decay.
For example, the 13th century physician and philosopher, Peter of Spain who might have gone to be Pope John XXI offers over 26 different prescriptions for contraceptives and several more to bring out menstruation, which could be read as a way to induce an abortion.
Young mothers, older mothers, poor or rich mothers, all could die not only in childbirth but also due to complications afterwards.
And this is so because she bore a baby boy and had her own right to him. The room would have been hung with calming tapestries and images as not to upset the mother, which could in turn harm the unborn child.
Before this, an elaborate service was held where the Church would ask God for his blessing for the birth. However, from it, we can glean that pre-modern childbirth was more dangerous than it is in the most dangerous-to-birth-in countries today. In developed countries, birth is very safe: No men were allowed in this private room, or rooms, and the pregnant woman was only allowed to be attended to by other women.
Magic or Medicine in the Dark Ages, viewed 10 Julyhttps: The woman is not to be punished by any means. In far more countries, maternal mortality rates are 10 to 15 times as high as the rate that appalls us here in the States.
This WHO page gives different percentages, and it puts eclampsia down as a more frequent killer than obstructed labor, but the top four killers remain the same.
Women were also banned from promising to go on pilgrimage for the safe delivery of their unborn children. By 18th century, doctors attended births and midwives were seen as unhygienic and superstitious.
If they were peasants, babies would be delivered in a one or two room house. Risky enough that midwives were the only laypeople permitted to baptize newborns if the baby was likely to die.
Working with those numbers: say anywhere from 1 in to 1 in 25 women giving birth die. Most women have multiple children (no contraceptives).
For six births, the risk of the woman dying is between % (1% mortality) and % (% mortality). The use of birth control and abortion have a long history, and a long history of being contentious.
The idea that pregnancies can be prevented or stopped has raised ethical and moral issues, and, like today, in the Middle Ages you will find many opinions about what should or shouldn’t be done.
Jul 08, · Giving birth at home is like giving birth in the middle ages, when mothers were dying left and right! (The Middle Ages gets mentioned a lot in this sort of argument. (The Middle Ages gets mentioned a lot in this sort of argument. From a dangerous, semi-public ritual in the Middle Ages to practical 20th century midwives and today's hygienic hospital labours, we examine how giving birth has changed over the centuries.
Childbirth, Childhood and Adolescence in the Middle Ages. Search the site GO. History & Culture. Medieval & Renaissance History Daily Life Important People & Events Discover what childbirth was like in the middle ages for women of all stations and classes and the importance of religious ceremonies like baptism in the Christian world.
Childbirth, Childhood and Adolescence in the Middle Ages What We Know About Being a Medieval Child. Share Flipboard Email Print Discover what childbirth was like in the middle ages for women of all stations and classes and the importance of religious ceremonies like baptism in the Christian world.An overview of childbirth in the middle ages